Ten 14th century images of stilts

These 14th century illuminations depicting stilts are linked at http://www.larsdatter.com/stilts.htm. The images here have been cropped to focus on the stilts and their users.

Image

Mother nursing on stilts in the Smithfield Decretals, Brit. Lib. Royal 10 E IV (c. 1300-1340) f29v

This image, depicting a mother nursing her child while simultaneously walking on tall stilts and balancing a pot on her head, offers a glimpse of how middle class mothers were viewed in the 14th century.  Certainly, a fair amount of social commentary on the work of a mother was likely intended here, and it seems not much has changed these days.  I would urge caution against adopting a literal interpretation of this image, but the form of the stilts themselves is likely technically correct.  This shows a huge leap in design from the two 13th century images I posted earlier, as well as from other 14th century images shown below.  I do not think this represents a revolutionary design development, however, but rather different stilts for different purposes.  Some stilts, such as these, were professional equipment used by skilled workers, while other, simpler stilts were play things used by children and adolescents.

Image

Boy and girl on stilts in the Smithfield Decretals, Brit. Lib. Royal 10 E IV (c.1300-1340) f77r

Like the woman above, these two youths are walking on stilts that strap to the calf, leaving the hands free to do work.

Image

Ape on stilts, psalter, Douce 6 (c.1320-1330) f158v

This more crudely fashioned pair of stilts shows a design more commonly seen being used by children, here humorously being used by an ape.

Image

Stilts in the Luttrell Psalter, Brit. Lib. Add. 42130 (c.1325-1340) f70v

Image

Monkeys on stilts in Romance of Alexander, Bodley 264 (c.1338-44) f43v

Image

Children on stilts in Romance of Alexander, Bodley 264 (c.1338-44) f65r

Image

Cock on stilts in Romance of Alexander, Bodley 264 (c.1338-44) f91r

Image

Boys wrestling on stilts in Romance of Alexander, Bodley 264 (c.1338-44) f123r

Image

Boys fighting with stilts in Romance of Alexander, Bodley 264 (c.1338-44) f123r

These two youths have each abandoned one of their stilts and they appear to be using the other stilts like axes in a mock battle.

Image

Man on stilts in Voeux du paon, PML G.24 (c.1350) f40r

Here we see a grown man standing on what I have come to think of as children’s stilts, but these are much taller. Note that like those used by the children and apes above, this man’s stilts are controlled by the hands, rather than strapped to the calves.

 

In summary, we see two general forms of stilts here: those which consist of a stripped and shaved branch with the crook of the remaining limb reinforced with a lashing and the pole extending upward to form a handle; and a more sophisticated design, milled from heavier lumber, carved to fit the foot, and strapped to the calf, leaving the hands free for work. What sort of workers used stilts professionally in the Middle Ages? I suppose someone working at ceiling height might have used stilts for jobs where more mobility was required than would have been afforded by scaffolding. These skilled workers were probably relatively well compensated, as the middle class dress of those depicted here suggests, and they may have encouraged their children to play with stilts. Note the height of the stilts used by adults, compared to the shorter stilts used by children. This may represent a progression in skill at using stilts, which can only come with years of experience.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s